Buying a house
The acquisition of property in Portugal, because it is subject to the payment of taxes, requires that you register with the Tax Authorities to obtain the corresponding taxpayer identification number;
In order to finalise the purchase of your house, you must submit various documents that identify the property and that confirm the legitimacy of the owner and the buyer:
1. Land Registry Certificate (Certidão do Registo Predial)
The information made available by the land registry tells you about the composition of a certain building, the legitimacy of the person intending to sell the property and the types of encumbrance that may affect it (mortgages, collateral, etc).
The land registry certificate may be requested in the following ways, in hard copy or in digital format:
2. Title Certificate (Caderneta Predial)
This document may be requested from any tax office. It contains information about the property's tax situation and can be used to find out which entity is responsible for meeting fiscal obligations related to the property.
3. Usage Licence (Licença de Utilização)
The purpose of the Usage Licence is to certify the intended use of the property, and that it is suitable for its licensed purpose. This licence must be requested from the City Council of the district where the property is located. However, proof of the licence request may be submitted along with the purchase agreement if the licence is yet to be issued.
4. Housing Technical Datasheet (Ficha Técnica de Habitação)
The Housing Technical Datasheet is a document that describes the main technical and functional characteristics of a property. It must be requested directly from the City Council of the district where the property is located.